/* sbt -- Simple Build Tool
 * Copyright 2011 Mark Harrah
 */
package sbt

	import Types._

sealed trait Settings[Scope]
{
	def data: Map[Scope, AttributeMap]
	def keys(scope: Scope): Set[AttributeKey[_]]
	def scopes: Set[Scope]
	def definingScope(scope: Scope, key: AttributeKey[_]): Option[Scope]
	def allKeys[T](f: (Scope, AttributeKey[_]) => T): Seq[T]
	def get[T](scope: Scope, key: AttributeKey[T]): Option[T]
	def getDirect[T](scope: Scope, key: AttributeKey[T]): Option[T]
	def set[T](scope: Scope, key: AttributeKey[T], value: T): Settings[Scope]
}

private final class Settings0[Scope](val data: Map[Scope, AttributeMap], val delegates: Scope => Seq[Scope]) extends Settings[Scope]
{
	def scopes: Set[Scope] = data.keySet.toSet
	def keys(scope: Scope) = data(scope).keys.toSet
	def allKeys[T](f: (Scope, AttributeKey[_]) => T): Seq[T] = data.flatMap { case (scope, map) => map.keys.map(k => f(scope, k)) } toSeq;

	def get[T](scope: Scope, key: AttributeKey[T]): Option[T] =
		delegates(scope).toStream.flatMap(sc => getDirect(sc, key) ).headOption
	def definingScope(scope: Scope, key: AttributeKey[_]): Option[Scope] =
		delegates(scope).toStream.filter(sc => getDirect(sc, key).isDefined ).headOption

	def getDirect[T](scope: Scope, key: AttributeKey[T]): Option[T] =
		(data get scope).flatMap(_ get key)

	def set[T](scope: Scope, key: AttributeKey[T], value: T): Settings[Scope] =
	{
		val map = (data get scope) getOrElse AttributeMap.empty
		val newData = data.updated(scope, map.put(key, value))
		new Settings0(newData, delegates)
	}
}
// delegates should contain the input Scope as the first entry
// this trait is intended to be mixed into an object
trait Init[Scope]
{
	/** The Show instance used when a detailed String needs to be generated.  It is typically used when no context is available.*/
	def showFullKey: Show[ScopedKey[_]]

	final case class ScopedKey[T](scope: Scope, key: AttributeKey[T]) extends KeyedInitialize[T] {
		def scopedKey = this
	}

	type SettingSeq[T] = Seq[Setting[T]]
	type ScopedMap = IMap[ScopedKey, SettingSeq]
	type CompiledMap = Map[ScopedKey[_], Compiled[_]]
	type MapScoped = ScopedKey ~> ScopedKey
	type ValidatedRef[T] = Either[Undefined, ScopedKey[T]]
	type ValidatedInit[T] = Either[Seq[Undefined], Initialize[T]]
	type ValidateRef = ScopedKey ~> ValidatedRef
	type ScopeLocal = ScopedKey[_] => Seq[Setting[_]]
	type MapConstant = ScopedKey ~> Option

	private[sbt] abstract class ValidateKeyRef {
		def apply[T](key: ScopedKey[T], selfRefOk: Boolean): ValidatedRef[T]
	}

	/** The result of this initialization is the composition of applied transformations.
	* This can be useful when dealing with dynamic Initialize values. */
	lazy val capturedTransformations: Initialize[Initialize ~> Initialize] = new TransformCapture(idK[Initialize])

	def setting[T](key: ScopedKey[T], init: Initialize[T], pos: SourcePosition = NoPosition): Setting[T] = new Setting[T](key, init, pos)
	def valueStrict[T](value: T): Initialize[T] = pure(() => value)
	def value[T](value: => T): Initialize[T] = pure(value _)
	def pure[T](value: () => T): Initialize[T] = new Value(value)
	def optional[T,U](i: Initialize[T])(f: Option[T] => U): Initialize[U] = new Optional(Some(i), f)
	def update[T](key: ScopedKey[T])(f: T => T): Setting[T] = setting[T](key, map(key)(f), NoPosition)
	def bind[S,T](in: Initialize[S])(f: S => Initialize[T]): Initialize[T] = new Bind(f, in)
	def map[S,T](in: Initialize[S])(f: S => T): Initialize[T] = new Apply[ ({ type l[L[x]] = L[S] })#l, T](f, in, AList.single[S])
	def app[K[L[x]], T](inputs: K[Initialize])(f: K[Id] => T)(implicit alist: AList[K]): Initialize[T] = new Apply[K, T](f, inputs, alist)
	def uniform[S,T](inputs: Seq[Initialize[S]])(f: Seq[S] => T): Initialize[T] =
		new Apply[({ type l[L[x]] = List[L[S]] })#l, T](f, inputs.toList, AList.seq[S])

	/** The result of this initialization is the validated `key`.
	* No dependency is introduced on `key`.  If `selfRefOk` is true, validation will not fail if the key is referenced by a definition of `key`.
	* That is, key := f(validated(key).value) is allowed only if `selfRefOk == true`. */
	private[sbt] final def validated[T](key: ScopedKey[T], selfRefOk: Boolean): ValidationCapture[T] = new ValidationCapture(key, selfRefOk)

	/** Constructs a derived setting that will be automatically defined in every scope where one of its dependencies
	* is explicitly defined and the where the scope matches `filter`.
	* A setting initialized with dynamic dependencies is only allowed if `allowDynamic` is true.
	* Only the static dependencies are tracked, however.  Dependencies on previous values do not introduce a derived setting either. */
	final def derive[T](s: Setting[T], allowDynamic: Boolean = false, filter: Scope => Boolean = const(true), trigger: AttributeKey[_] => Boolean = const(true)): Setting[T] = {
		deriveAllowed(s, allowDynamic) foreach error
		new DerivedSetting[T](s.key, s.init, s.pos, filter, trigger, nextDefaultID())
	}
	def deriveAllowed[T](s: Setting[T], allowDynamic: Boolean): Option[String] = s.init match {
		case _: Bind[_,_] if !allowDynamic => Some("Cannot derive from dynamic dependencies.")
		case _ => None
	}
	// id is used for equality
	private[sbt] final def defaultSetting[T](s: Setting[T]): Setting[T] = s match {
		case _: DefaultSetting[_] | _: DerivedSetting[_] => s
		case _ => new DefaultSetting[T](s.key, s.init, s.pos, nextDefaultID())
	}
	private[sbt] def defaultSettings(ss: Seq[Setting[_]]): Seq[Setting[_]] = ss.map(s => defaultSetting(s))
	private[this] final val nextID = new java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicLong
	private[this] final def nextDefaultID(): Long = nextID.incrementAndGet()


	def empty(implicit delegates: Scope => Seq[Scope]): Settings[Scope] = new Settings0(Map.empty, delegates)
	def asTransform(s: Settings[Scope]): ScopedKey ~> Id = new (ScopedKey ~> Id) {
		def apply[T](k: ScopedKey[T]): T = getValue(s, k)
	}
	def getValue[T](s: Settings[Scope], k: ScopedKey[T]) = s.get(k.scope, k.key) getOrElse( throw new InvalidReference(k) )
	def asFunction[T](s: Settings[Scope]): ScopedKey[T] => T = k => getValue(s, k)
	def mapScope(f: Scope => Scope): MapScoped = new MapScoped {
		def apply[T](k: ScopedKey[T]): ScopedKey[T] = k.copy(scope = f(k.scope))
	}
	private final class InvalidReference(val key: ScopedKey[_]) extends RuntimeException("Internal settings error: invalid reference to " + showFullKey(key))

	private[this] def applyDefaults(ss: Seq[Setting[_]]): Seq[Setting[_]] =
	{
		val (defaults, others) = Util.separate[Setting[_], DefaultSetting[_], Setting[_]](ss) { case u: DefaultSetting[_] => Left(u); case s => Right(s) }
		defaults.distinct ++ others
	}

	def compiled(init: Seq[Setting[_]], actual: Boolean = true)(implicit delegates: Scope => Seq[Scope], scopeLocal: ScopeLocal, display: Show[ScopedKey[_]]): CompiledMap =
	{
		val initDefaults = applyDefaults(init)
		// inject derived settings into scopes where their dependencies are directly defined
		// and prepend per-scope settings
		val derived = deriveAndLocal(initDefaults)
		// group by Scope/Key, dropping dead initializations
		val sMap: ScopedMap = grouped(derived)
		// delegate references to undefined values according to 'delegates'
		val dMap: ScopedMap = if(actual) delegate(sMap)(delegates, display) else sMap
		// merge Seq[Setting[_]] into Compiled
		compile(dMap)
	}
	def make(init: Seq[Setting[_]])(implicit delegates: Scope => Seq[Scope], scopeLocal: ScopeLocal, display: Show[ScopedKey[_]]): Settings[Scope] =
	{
		val cMap = compiled(init)(delegates, scopeLocal, display)
		// order the initializations.  cyclic references are detected here.
		val ordered: Seq[Compiled[_]] = sort(cMap)
		// evaluation: apply the initializations.
		try { applyInits(ordered) }
		catch { case rru: RuntimeUndefined => throw Uninitialized(cMap.keys.toSeq, delegates, rru.undefined, true) }
	}
	def sort(cMap: CompiledMap): Seq[Compiled[_]] =
		Dag.topologicalSort(cMap.values)(_.dependencies.map(cMap))

	def compile(sMap: ScopedMap): CompiledMap =
		sMap.toTypedSeq.map { case sMap.TPair(k, ss) =>
			val deps = ss flatMap { _.dependencies } toSet;
			(k, new Compiled(k, deps, ss))
		} toMap;

	def grouped(init: Seq[Setting[_]]): ScopedMap =
		((IMap.empty : ScopedMap) /: init) ( (m,s) => add(m,s) )

	def add[T](m: ScopedMap, s: Setting[T]): ScopedMap =
		m.mapValue[T]( s.key, Nil, ss => append(ss, s))

	def append[T](ss: Seq[Setting[T]], s: Setting[T]): Seq[Setting[T]] =
		if(s.definitive) s :: Nil else ss :+ s

	def addLocal(init: Seq[Setting[_]])(implicit scopeLocal: ScopeLocal): Seq[Setting[_]] =
		init.flatMap( _.dependencies flatMap scopeLocal )  ++  init

	def delegate(sMap: ScopedMap)(implicit delegates: Scope => Seq[Scope], display: Show[ScopedKey[_]]): ScopedMap =
	{
		def refMap(ref: Setting[_], isFirst: Boolean) = new ValidateKeyRef { def apply[T](k: ScopedKey[T], selfRefOk: Boolean) =
			delegateForKey(sMap, k, delegates(k.scope), ref, selfRefOk || !isFirst)
		}
		type ValidatedSettings[T] = Either[Seq[Undefined], SettingSeq[T]]
		val f = new (SettingSeq ~> ValidatedSettings) { def apply[T](ks: Seq[Setting[T]]) = {
			val (undefs, valid) = Util.separate(ks.zipWithIndex){ case (s,i) => s validateKeyReferenced refMap(s, i == 0) }
			if(undefs.isEmpty) Right(valid) else Left(undefs.flatten)
		}}
		type Undefs[_] = Seq[Undefined]
		val (undefineds, result) = sMap.mapSeparate[Undefs, SettingSeq]( f )
		if(undefineds.isEmpty)
			result
		else
			throw Uninitialized(sMap.keys.toSeq, delegates, undefineds.values.flatten.toList, false)
	}
	private[this] def delegateForKey[T](sMap: ScopedMap, k: ScopedKey[T], scopes: Seq[Scope], ref: Setting[_], selfRefOk: Boolean): Either[Undefined, ScopedKey[T]] =
	{
		val skeys = scopes.iterator.map(x => ScopedKey(x, k.key))
		val definedAt = skeys.find( sk => (selfRefOk || ref.key != sk) && (sMap contains sk))
		definedAt.toRight(Undefined(ref, k))
	}

	private[this] def applyInits(ordered: Seq[Compiled[_]])(implicit delegates: Scope => Seq[Scope]): Settings[Scope] =
	{
		val x = java.util.concurrent.Executors.newFixedThreadPool(Runtime.getRuntime.availableProcessors)
		try {
			val eval: EvaluateSettings[Scope] = new EvaluateSettings[Scope] {
				override val init: Init.this.type = Init.this
				def compiledSettings = ordered
				def executor = x
			}
			eval.run
		} finally { x.shutdown() }
	}

	def showUndefined(u: Undefined, validKeys: Seq[ScopedKey[_]], delegates: Scope => Seq[Scope])(implicit display: Show[ScopedKey[_]]): String =
	{
		val guessed = guessIntendedScope(validKeys, delegates, u.referencedKey)
		val derived = u.defining.isDerived
		val refString = display(u.defining.key)
		val sourceString = if(derived) "" else parenPosString(u.defining)
		val guessedString = if(derived) "" else guessed.map(g => "\n     Did you mean " + display(g) + " ?").toList.mkString
		val derivedString = if(derived) ", which is a derived setting that needs this key to be defined in this scope." else ""
		display(u.referencedKey) + " from " + refString + sourceString + derivedString + guessedString
	}
	private[this] def parenPosString(s: Setting[_]): String =
		s.positionString match { case None => ""; case Some(s) => " (" + s + ")" }

	def guessIntendedScope(validKeys: Seq[ScopedKey[_]], delegates: Scope => Seq[Scope], key: ScopedKey[_]): Option[ScopedKey[_]] =
	{
		val distances = validKeys.flatMap { validKey => refinedDistance(delegates, validKey, key).map( dist => (dist, validKey) ) }
		distances.sortBy(_._1).map(_._2).headOption
	}
	def refinedDistance(delegates: Scope => Seq[Scope], a: ScopedKey[_], b: ScopedKey[_]): Option[Int]  =
		if(a.key != b.key || a == b) None
		else
		{
			val dist = delegates(a.scope).indexOf(b.scope)
			if(dist < 0) None else Some(dist)
		}

	final class Uninitialized(val undefined: Seq[Undefined], override val toString: String) extends Exception(toString)
	final class Undefined private[sbt](val defining: Setting[_], val referencedKey: ScopedKey[_])
	{
		@deprecated("For compatibility only, use `defining` directly.", "0.13.1")
		val definingKey = defining.key
		@deprecated("For compatibility only, use `defining` directly.", "0.13.1")
		val derived: Boolean = defining.isDerived
		@deprecated("Use the non-deprecated Undefined factory method.", "0.13.1")
		def this(definingKey: ScopedKey[_], referencedKey: ScopedKey[_], derived: Boolean) = this( fakeUndefinedSetting(definingKey, derived), referencedKey)
	}
	final class RuntimeUndefined(val undefined: Seq[Undefined]) extends RuntimeException("References to undefined settings at runtime.")

	@deprecated("Use the other overload.", "0.13.1")
	def Undefined(definingKey: ScopedKey[_], referencedKey: ScopedKey[_], derived: Boolean): Undefined =
		new Undefined(fakeUndefinedSetting(definingKey, derived), referencedKey)
	private[this] def fakeUndefinedSetting[T](definingKey: ScopedKey[T], d: Boolean): Setting[T] =
	{
		val init: Initialize[T] = pure(() => error("Dummy setting for compatibility only."))
		new Setting(definingKey, init, NoPosition) { override def isDerived = d }
	}

	def Undefined(defining: Setting[_], referencedKey: ScopedKey[_]): Undefined = new Undefined(defining, referencedKey)
	def Uninitialized(validKeys: Seq[ScopedKey[_]], delegates: Scope => Seq[Scope], keys: Seq[Undefined], runtime: Boolean)(implicit display: Show[ScopedKey[_]]): Uninitialized =
	{
		assert(!keys.isEmpty)
		val suffix = if(keys.length > 1) "s" else ""
		val prefix = if(runtime) "Runtime reference" else "Reference"
		val keysString = keys.map(u => showUndefined(u, validKeys, delegates)).mkString("\n\n  ", "\n\n  ", "")
		new Uninitialized(keys, prefix + suffix + " to undefined setting" + suffix + ": " + keysString + "\n ")
	}
	final class Compiled[T](val key: ScopedKey[T], val dependencies: Iterable[ScopedKey[_]], val settings: Seq[Setting[T]])
	{
		override def toString = showFullKey(key)
	}
	final class Flattened(val key: ScopedKey[_], val dependencies: Iterable[ScopedKey[_]])

	def flattenLocals(compiled: CompiledMap): Map[ScopedKey[_],Flattened] =
	{
		import collection.breakOut
		val locals = compiled flatMap { case (key, comp) => if(key.key.isLocal) Seq[Compiled[_]](comp) else Nil }
		val ordered = Dag.topologicalSort(locals)(_.dependencies.flatMap(dep => if(dep.key.isLocal) Seq[Compiled[_]](compiled(dep)) else Nil))
		def flatten(cmap: Map[ScopedKey[_],Flattened], key: ScopedKey[_], deps: Iterable[ScopedKey[_]]): Flattened =
			new Flattened(key, deps.flatMap(dep => if(dep.key.isLocal) cmap(dep).dependencies else dep :: Nil))

		val empty = Map.empty[ScopedKey[_],Flattened]
		val flattenedLocals = (empty /: ordered) { (cmap, c) => cmap.updated(c.key, flatten(cmap, c.key, c.dependencies)) }
		compiled flatMap{ case (key, comp) =>
			if(key.key.isLocal)
				Nil
			else
				Seq[ (ScopedKey[_], Flattened)]( (key, flatten(flattenedLocals, key, comp.dependencies)) )
		}
	}

	def definedAtString(settings: Seq[Setting[_]]): String =
	{
		val posDefined = settings.flatMap(_.positionString.toList)
		if (posDefined.size > 0) {
			val header = if (posDefined.size == settings.size) "defined at:" else
				"some of the defining occurrences:"
			header + (posDefined.distinct mkString ("\n\t", "\n\t", "\n"))
		} else ""
	}

	private[this] def deriveAndLocal(init: Seq[Setting[_]])(implicit delegates: Scope => Seq[Scope], scopeLocal: ScopeLocal): Seq[Setting[_]] =
	{
			import collection.mutable

		final class Derived(val setting: DerivedSetting[_]) {
			val dependencies = setting.dependencies.map(_.key)
			def triggeredBy = dependencies.filter(setting.trigger)
			val inScopes = new mutable.HashSet[Scope]
		}
		final class Deriveds(val key: AttributeKey[_], val settings: mutable.ListBuffer[Derived]) {
			def dependencies = settings.flatMap(_.dependencies)
			// This is mainly for use in the cyclic reference error message
			override def toString = s"Derived settings for ${key.label}, ${definedAtString(settings.map(_.setting))}"
		}

		// separate `derived` settings from normal settings (`defs`)
		val (derived, rawDefs) = Util.separate[Setting[_],Derived,Setting[_]](init) { case d: DerivedSetting[_] => Left(new Derived(d)); case s => Right(s) }
		val defs = addLocal(rawDefs)(scopeLocal)

		// group derived settings by the key they define
		val derivsByDef = new mutable.HashMap[AttributeKey[_], Deriveds]
		for(s <- derived) {
			val key = s.setting.key.key
			derivsByDef.getOrElseUpdate(key, new Deriveds(key, new mutable.ListBuffer)).settings += s
		}

		// sort derived settings so that dependencies come first
		// this is necessary when verifying that a derived setting's dependencies exist
		val ddeps = (d: Deriveds) => d.dependencies.flatMap(derivsByDef.get)
		val sortedDerivs = Dag.topologicalSort(derivsByDef.values)(ddeps)

		// index derived settings by triggering key.  This maps a key to the list of settings potentially derived from it.
		val derivedBy = new mutable.HashMap[AttributeKey[_], mutable.ListBuffer[Derived]]
		for(s <- derived; d <- s.triggeredBy)
			derivedBy.getOrElseUpdate(d, new mutable.ListBuffer) += s

		// set of defined scoped keys, used to ensure a derived setting is only added if all dependencies are present
		val defined = new mutable.HashSet[ScopedKey[_]]
		def addDefs(ss: Seq[Setting[_]]) { for(s <- ss) defined += s.key }
		addDefs(defs)

		// true iff the scoped key is in `defined`, taking delegation into account
		def isDefined(key: AttributeKey[_], scope: Scope) =
			delegates(scope).exists(s => defined.contains(ScopedKey(s, key)))

		// true iff all dependencies of derived setting `d` have a value (potentially via delegation) in `scope`
		def allDepsDefined(d: Derived, scope: Scope, local: Set[AttributeKey[_]]): Boolean =
			d.dependencies.forall(dep => local(dep) || isDefined(dep, scope))

		// List of injectable derived settings and their local settings for `sk`.
		//  A derived setting is injectable if:
		//   1. it has not been previously injected into this scope
		//   2. it applies to this scope (as determined by its `filter`)
		//   3. all of its dependencies that match `trigger` are defined for that scope (allowing for delegation)
		// This needs to handle local settings because a derived setting wouldn't be injected if it's local setting didn't exist yet.
		val deriveFor = (sk: ScopedKey[_]) => {
			val derivedForKey: List[Derived] = derivedBy.get(sk.key).toList.flatten
			val scope = sk.scope
			def localAndDerived(d: Derived): Seq[Setting[_]] =
				if(!d.inScopes.contains(scope) && d.setting.filter(scope))
				{
					val local = d.dependencies.flatMap(dep => scopeLocal(ScopedKey(scope, dep)))
					if(allDepsDefined(d, scope, local.map(_.key.key).toSet)) {
						d.inScopes.add(scope)
						local :+ d.setting.setScope(scope)
					} else
						Nil
				}
				else Nil
			derivedForKey.flatMap(localAndDerived)
		}

		val processed = new mutable.HashSet[ScopedKey[_]]
		// valid derived settings to be added before normal settings
		val out = new mutable.ListBuffer[Setting[_]]

		// derives settings, transitively so that a derived setting can trigger another
		def process(rem: List[Setting[_]]): Unit = rem match {
			case s :: ss =>
				val sk = s.key
				val ds = if(processed.add(sk)) deriveFor(sk) else Nil
				out ++= ds
				addDefs(ds)
				process(ds ::: ss)
			case Nil =>
		}
		process(defs.toList)
		out.toList ++ defs
	}

	sealed trait Initialize[T]
	{
		def dependencies: Seq[ScopedKey[_]]
		def apply[S](g: T => S): Initialize[S]

		@deprecated("Will be made private.", "0.13.2")
		def mapReferenced(g: MapScoped): Initialize[T]
		@deprecated("Will be made private.", "0.13.2")
		def mapConstant(g: MapConstant): Initialize[T]

		@deprecated("Will be made private.", "0.13.2")
		def validateReferenced(g: ValidateRef): ValidatedInit[T] =
			validateKeyReferenced( new ValidateKeyRef { def apply[T](key: ScopedKey[T], selfRefOk: Boolean) = g(key) })

		private[sbt] def validateKeyReferenced(g: ValidateKeyRef): ValidatedInit[T]

		def evaluate(map: Settings[Scope]): T
		def zip[S](o: Initialize[S]): Initialize[(T,S)] = zipTupled(o)(idFun)
		def zipWith[S,U](o: Initialize[S])(f: (T,S) => U): Initialize[U] = zipTupled(o)(f.tupled)
		private[this] def zipTupled[S,U](o: Initialize[S])(f: ((T,S)) => U): Initialize[U] =
			new Apply[({ type l[L[x]] = (L[T], L[S]) })#l, U](f, (this, o), AList.tuple2[T,S])
		/** A fold on the static attributes of this and nested Initializes. */
		private[sbt] def processAttributes[S](init: S)(f: (S, AttributeMap) => S): S
	}
	object Initialize
	{
		implicit def joinInitialize[T](s: Seq[Initialize[T]]): JoinInitSeq[T] = new JoinInitSeq(s)
		final class JoinInitSeq[T](s: Seq[Initialize[T]])
		{
			def joinWith[S](f: Seq[T] => S): Initialize[S] = uniform(s)(f)
			def join: Initialize[Seq[T]] = uniform(s)(idFun)
		}
		def join[T](inits: Seq[Initialize[T]]): Initialize[Seq[T]] = uniform(inits)(idFun)
		def joinAny[M[_]](inits: Seq[Initialize[M[T]] forSome { type T }]): Initialize[Seq[M[_]]] =
			join(inits.asInstanceOf[Seq[Initialize[M[Any]]]]).asInstanceOf[Initialize[Seq[M[T] forSome { type T }]]]
	}
	object SettingsDefinition {
		implicit def unwrapSettingsDefinition(d: SettingsDefinition): Seq[Setting[_]] = d.settings
		implicit def wrapSettingsDefinition(ss: Seq[Setting[_]]): SettingsDefinition = new SettingList(ss)
	}
	sealed trait SettingsDefinition {
		def settings: Seq[Setting[_]]
	}
	final class SettingList(val settings: Seq[Setting[_]]) extends SettingsDefinition
	sealed class Setting[T] private[Init](val key: ScopedKey[T], val init: Initialize[T], val pos: SourcePosition) extends SettingsDefinition
	{
		def settings = this :: Nil
		def definitive: Boolean = !init.dependencies.contains(key)
		def dependencies: Seq[ScopedKey[_]] = remove(init.dependencies, key)
		@deprecated("Will be made private.", "0.13.2")
		def mapReferenced(g: MapScoped): Setting[T] = make(key, init mapReferenced g, pos)
		@deprecated("Will be made private.", "0.13.2")
		def validateReferenced(g: ValidateRef): Either[Seq[Undefined], Setting[T]] = (init validateReferenced g).right.map(newI => make(key, newI, pos))

		private[sbt] def validateKeyReferenced(g: ValidateKeyRef): Either[Seq[Undefined], Setting[T]] =
			(init validateKeyReferenced g).right.map(newI => make(key, newI, pos))

		def mapKey(g: MapScoped): Setting[T] = make(g(key), init, pos)
		def mapInit(f: (ScopedKey[T], T) => T): Setting[T] = make(key, init(t => f(key,t)), pos)
		@deprecated("Will be made private.", "0.13.2")
		def mapConstant(g: MapConstant): Setting[T] = make(key, init mapConstant g, pos)
		def withPos(pos: SourcePosition) = make(key, init, pos)
		def positionString: Option[String] = pos match {
			case pos: FilePosition => Some(pos.path + ":" + pos.startLine)
			case NoPosition => None
		}
		private[sbt] def mapInitialize(f: Initialize[T] => Initialize[T]): Setting[T] = make(key, f(init), pos)
		override def toString = "setting(" + key + ") at " + pos

		protected[this] def make[T](key: ScopedKey[T], init: Initialize[T], pos: SourcePosition): Setting[T] = new Setting[T](key, init, pos)
		protected[sbt] def isDerived: Boolean = false
		private[sbt] def setScope(s: Scope): Setting[T] = make(key.copy(scope = s), init.mapReferenced(mapScope(const(s))), pos)
	}
	private[Init] final class DerivedSetting[T](sk: ScopedKey[T], i: Initialize[T], p: SourcePosition, val filter: Scope => Boolean, val trigger: AttributeKey[_] => Boolean, id: Long) extends DefaultSetting[T](sk, i, p, id) {
		override def make[T](key: ScopedKey[T], init: Initialize[T], pos: SourcePosition): Setting[T] = new DerivedSetting[T](key, init, pos, filter, trigger, id)
		protected[sbt] override def isDerived: Boolean = true
	}
	// Only keep the first occurence of this setting and move it to the front so that it has lower precedence than non-defaults.
	//  This is intended for internal sbt use only, where alternatives like Plugin.globalSettings are not available.
	private[Init] sealed class DefaultSetting[T](sk: ScopedKey[T], i: Initialize[T], p: SourcePosition, val id: Long) extends Setting[T](sk, i, p) {
		override def make[T](key: ScopedKey[T], init: Initialize[T], pos: SourcePosition): Setting[T] = new DefaultSetting[T](key, init, pos, id)
		override final def hashCode = id.hashCode
		override final def equals(o: Any): Boolean = o match { case d: DefaultSetting[_] => d.id == id; case _ => false }
	}


	private[this] def handleUndefined[T](vr: ValidatedInit[T]): Initialize[T] = vr match {
		case Left(undefs) => throw new RuntimeUndefined(undefs)
		case Right(x) => x
	}

	private[this] lazy val getValidated =
		new (ValidatedInit ~> Initialize) { def apply[T](v: ValidatedInit[T]) = handleUndefined[T](v)  }

		// mainly for reducing generated class count
	private[this] def validateKeyReferencedT(g: ValidateKeyRef) =
		new (Initialize ~> ValidatedInit) { def apply[T](i: Initialize[T]) = i validateKeyReferenced g }

	private[this] def mapReferencedT(g: MapScoped) =
		new (Initialize ~> Initialize) { def apply[T](i: Initialize[T]) = i mapReferenced g }

	private[this] def mapConstantT(g: MapConstant) =
		new (Initialize ~> Initialize) { def apply[T](i: Initialize[T]) = i mapConstant g }

	private[this] def evaluateT(g: Settings[Scope]) =
		new (Initialize ~> Id) { def apply[T](i: Initialize[T]) = i evaluate g }

	private[this] def deps(ls: Seq[Initialize[_]]): Seq[ScopedKey[_]] = ls.flatMap(_.dependencies)

	sealed trait Keyed[S, T] extends Initialize[T]
	{
		def scopedKey: ScopedKey[S]
		def transform: S => T
		final def dependencies = scopedKey :: Nil
		final def apply[Z](g: T => Z): Initialize[Z] = new GetValue(scopedKey, g compose transform)
		final def evaluate(ss: Settings[Scope]): T = transform(getValue(ss, scopedKey))
		final def mapReferenced(g: MapScoped): Initialize[T] = new GetValue( g(scopedKey), transform)
		private[sbt] final def validateKeyReferenced(g: ValidateKeyRef): ValidatedInit[T] = g(scopedKey, false) match {
			case Left(un) => Left(un :: Nil)
			case Right(nk) => Right(new GetValue(nk, transform))
		}
		final def mapConstant(g: MapConstant): Initialize[T] = g(scopedKey) match {
			case None => this
			case Some(const) => new Value(() => transform(const))
		}
		private[sbt] def processAttributes[S](init: S)(f: (S, AttributeMap) => S): S = init
	}
	private[this] final class GetValue[S,T](val scopedKey: ScopedKey[S], val transform: S => T) extends Keyed[S, T]
	trait KeyedInitialize[T] extends Keyed[T, T] {
		final val transform = idFun[T]
	}

	private[sbt] final class TransformCapture(val f: Initialize ~> Initialize) extends Initialize[Initialize ~> Initialize]
	{
		def dependencies = Nil
		def apply[Z](g2: (Initialize ~> Initialize) => Z): Initialize[Z] = map(this)(g2)
		def evaluate(ss: Settings[Scope]): Initialize ~> Initialize = f
		def mapReferenced(g: MapScoped) = new TransformCapture(mapReferencedT(g)  f)
		def mapConstant(g: MapConstant) = new TransformCapture(mapConstantT(g)  f)
		def validateKeyReferenced(g: ValidateKeyRef) = Right(new TransformCapture(getValidated  validateKeyReferencedT(g)  f))
		private[sbt] def processAttributes[S](init: S)(f: (S, AttributeMap) => S): S = init
	}
	private[sbt] final class ValidationCapture[T](val key: ScopedKey[T], val selfRefOk: Boolean) extends Initialize[ScopedKey[T]] {
		def dependencies = Nil
		def apply[Z](g2: ScopedKey[T] => Z): Initialize[Z] = map(this)(g2)
		def evaluate(ss: Settings[Scope]) = key
		def mapReferenced(g: MapScoped) = new ValidationCapture(g(key), selfRefOk)
		def mapConstant(g: MapConstant) = this
		def validateKeyReferenced(g: ValidateKeyRef) = g(key, selfRefOk) match {
			case Left(un) => Left(un :: Nil)
			case Right(k) => Right(new ValidationCapture(k, selfRefOk))
		}

		private[sbt] def processAttributes[S](init: S)(f: (S, AttributeMap) => S): S = init
	}
	private[sbt] final class Bind[S,T](val f: S => Initialize[T], val in: Initialize[S]) extends Initialize[T]
	{
		def dependencies = in.dependencies
		def apply[Z](g: T => Z): Initialize[Z] = new Bind[S,Z](s => f(s)(g), in)
		def evaluate(ss: Settings[Scope]): T = f(in evaluate ss) evaluate ss
		def mapReferenced(g: MapScoped) = new Bind[S,T](s => f(s) mapReferenced g, in mapReferenced g)
		def validateKeyReferenced(g: ValidateKeyRef) = (in validateKeyReferenced g).right.map { validIn =>
			new Bind[S,T](s => handleUndefined( f(s) validateKeyReferenced g), validIn)
		}
		def mapConstant(g: MapConstant) = new Bind[S,T](s => f(s) mapConstant g, in mapConstant g)
		private[sbt] def processAttributes[S](init: S)(f: (S, AttributeMap) => S): S = in.processAttributes(init)(f)
	}
	private[sbt] final class Optional[S,T](val a: Option[Initialize[S]], val f: Option[S] => T) extends Initialize[T]
	{
		def dependencies = deps(a.toList)
		def apply[Z](g: T => Z): Initialize[Z] = new Optional[S,Z](a, g compose f)
		def mapReferenced(g: MapScoped) = new Optional(a map mapReferencedT(g).fn, f)
		def validateKeyReferenced(g: ValidateKeyRef) = a match {
			case None => Right(this)
			case Some(i) => Right( new Optional(i.validateKeyReferenced(g).right.toOption, f) )
		}
		def mapConstant(g: MapConstant): Initialize[T] = new Optional(a map mapConstantT(g).fn, f)
		def evaluate(ss: Settings[Scope]): T = f( a.flatMap( i => trapBadRef(evaluateT(ss)(i)) ) )
		// proper solution is for evaluate to be deprecated or for external use only and a new internal method returning Either be used
		private[this] def trapBadRef[A](run: => A): Option[A] = try Some(run) catch { case e: InvalidReference => None }
		private[sbt] def processAttributes[S](init: S)(f: (S, AttributeMap) => S): S = a match {
			case None => init
			case Some(i) => i.processAttributes(init)(f)
		}
	}
	private[sbt] final class Value[T](val value: () => T) extends Initialize[T]
	{
		def dependencies = Nil
		def mapReferenced(g: MapScoped) = this
		def validateKeyReferenced(g: ValidateKeyRef) = Right(this)
		def apply[S](g: T => S) = new Value[S](() => g(value()))
		def mapConstant(g: MapConstant) = this
		def evaluate(map: Settings[Scope]): T = value()
		private[sbt] def processAttributes[S](init: S)(f: (S, AttributeMap) => S): S = init
	}
	private[sbt] final object StaticScopes extends Initialize[Set[Scope]]
	{
		def dependencies = Nil
		def mapReferenced(g: MapScoped) = this
		def validateKeyReferenced(g: ValidateKeyRef) = Right(this)
		def apply[S](g: Set[Scope] => S) = map(this)(g)
		def mapConstant(g: MapConstant) = this
		def evaluate(map: Settings[Scope]) = map.scopes
		private[sbt] def processAttributes[S](init: S)(f: (S, AttributeMap) => S): S = init
	}
	private[sbt] final class Apply[K[L[x]], T](val f: K[Id] => T, val inputs: K[Initialize], val alist: AList[K]) extends Initialize[T]
	{
		def dependencies = deps(alist.toList(inputs))
		def mapReferenced(g: MapScoped) = mapInputs( mapReferencedT(g) )
		def apply[S](g: T => S) = new Apply(g compose f, inputs, alist)
		def mapConstant(g: MapConstant) = mapInputs( mapConstantT(g) )
		def mapInputs(g: Initialize ~> Initialize): Initialize[T] = new Apply(f, alist.transform(inputs, g), alist)
		def evaluate(ss: Settings[Scope]) = f(alist.transform(inputs, evaluateT(ss)))
		def validateKeyReferenced(g: ValidateKeyRef) =
		{
			val tx = alist.transform(inputs, validateKeyReferencedT(g))
			val undefs = alist.toList(tx).flatMap(_.left.toSeq.flatten)
			val get = new (ValidatedInit ~> Initialize) { def apply[T](vr: ValidatedInit[T]) = vr.right.get }
			if(undefs.isEmpty) Right(new Apply(f, alist.transform(tx, get), alist)) else Left(undefs)
		}

		private[sbt] def processAttributes[S](init: S)(f: (S, AttributeMap) => S): S =
			(init /: alist.toList(inputs)) { (v, i) => i.processAttributes(v)(f) }
	}
	private def remove[T](s: Seq[T], v: T) = s filterNot (_ == v)
}