/* sbt -- Simple Build Tool
 * Copyright 2010 Mark Harrah
 */
package sbt

import ErrorHandling.wideConvert
import Types._
import Execute._

import scala.annotation.tailrec
import scala.collection.{mutable, JavaConversions}
import mutable.Map

object Execute
{
	trait Part1of2K[M[_[_], _], A[_]] { type Apply[T] = M[A, T] }
	type NodeT[A[_]] = Part1of2K[Node, A]
	
	def idMap[A,B]: Map[A, B] = JavaConversions.asScalaMap(new java.util.IdentityHashMap[A,B])
	def pMap[A[_], B[_]]: PMap[A,B] = new DelegatingPMap[A, B](idMap)
	private[sbt] def completed(p: => Unit): Completed = new Completed {
		def process() { p }
	}
	def noTriggers[A[_]] = new Triggers[A](Map.empty, Map.empty, idFun)
}
sealed trait Completed {
	def process(): Unit
}
trait NodeView[A[_]]
{
	def apply[T](a: A[T]): Node[A, T]
	def inline[T](a: A[T]): Option[() => T]
}
final class Triggers[A[_]](val runBefore: collection.Map[A[_], Seq[A[_]]], val injectFor: collection.Map[A[_], Seq[A[_]]], val onComplete: RMap[A,Result] => RMap[A,Result])

final class Execute[A[_] <: AnyRef](checkCycles: Boolean, triggers: Triggers[A])(implicit view: NodeView[A])
{
	type Strategy = CompletionService[A[_], Completed]

	private[this] val forward = idMap[A[_], IDSet[A[_]] ]
	private[this] val reverse = idMap[A[_], Iterable[A[_]] ]
	private[this] val callers = pMap[A, Compose[IDSet,A]#Apply ]
	private[this] val state = idMap[A[_], State]
	private[this] val viewCache = pMap[A, NodeT[A]#Apply]
	private[this] val results = pMap[A, Result]

	private[this] val getResult: A ~> Result = new (A ~> Result) {
		def apply[T](a: A[T]): Result[T] = view.inline(a) match {
			case Some(v) => Value(v())
			case None => results(a)
		}
	}

	private[this] type State = State.Value
	private[this] object State extends Enumeration {
		val Pending, Running, Calling, Done = Value
	}
	import State.{Pending, Running, Calling, Done}

	def dump: String = "State: "  + state.toString + "\n\nResults: " + results + "\n\nCalls: " + callers + "\n\n"

	def run[T](root: A[T])(implicit strategy: Strategy): Result[T] = try { runKeep(root)(strategy)(root) } catch { case i: Incomplete => Inc(i) }
	def runKeep[T](root: A[T])(implicit strategy: Strategy): RMap[A,Result] =
	{
		assert(state.isEmpty, "Execute already running/ran.")

		addNew(root)
		processAll()
		assert( results contains root, "No result for root node." )
		triggers.onComplete(results)
	}

	def processAll()(implicit strategy: Strategy)
	{
		@tailrec def next()
		{
			pre {
				assert( !reverse.isEmpty, "Nothing to process." )
				if( !state.values.exists( _ == Running ) ) {
					snapshotCycleCheck()
					assert(false, "Internal task engine error: nothing running.  This usually indicates a cycle in tasks.\n  Calling tasks (internal task engine state):\n" + dumpCalling)
				}
			}

			(strategy.take()).process()
			if( !reverse.isEmpty ) next()
		}
		next()

		post {
			assert( reverse.isEmpty, "Did not process everything." )
			assert( complete, "Not all state was Done." )
		}
	}
	def dumpCalling: String = state.filter(_._2 == Calling).mkString("\n\t")

	def call[T](node: A[T], target: A[T])(implicit strategy: Strategy)
	{
		if(checkCycles) cycleCheck(node, target)
		pre {
			assert( running(node) )
			readyInv( node )
		}

		results.get(target) match {
			case Some(result) => retire(node, result)
			case None => 
				state(node) = Calling
				addChecked(target)
				addCaller(node, target)
		}

		post {
			if(done(target))
				assert(done(node))
			else {
				assert(calling(node) )
				assert( callers(target) contains node )
			}
			readyInv( node )
		}
	}

	def retire[T](node: A[T], result: Result[T])(implicit strategy: Strategy)
	{
		pre {
			assert( running(node) | calling(node) )
			readyInv( node )
		}

		results(node) = result
		state(node) = Done
		remove( reverse, node ) foreach { dep => notifyDone(node, dep) }
		callers.remove( node ).toList.flatten.foreach { c => retire(c, callerResult(c, result)) }
		triggeredBy( node ) foreach { t => addChecked(t) }

		post {
			assert( done(node) )
			assert( results(node) == result )
			readyInv( node )
			assert( ! (reverse contains node) )
			assert( ! (callers contains node) )
			assert( triggeredBy(node) forall added )
		}
	}
	def callerResult[T](node: A[T], result: Result[T]): Result[T] =
		result match {
			case _: Value[T] => result
			case Inc(i) => Inc(Incomplete(Some(node), tpe = i.tpe, causes = i :: Nil))
		}

	def notifyDone( node: A[_], dependent: A[_] )(implicit strategy: Strategy)
	{
		val f = forward(dependent)
		f -= node
		if( f.isEmpty ) {
			remove(forward, dependent)
			ready( dependent )
		}
	}
	/** Ensures the given node has been added to the system.
	* Once added, a node is pending until its inputs and dependencies have completed.
	* Its computation is then evaluated and made available for nodes that have it as an input.*/
	def addChecked[T](node: A[T])(implicit strategy: Strategy)
	{
		if( !added(node)) addNew(node)

		post { addedInv( node ) }
	}
	/** Adds a node that has not yet been registered with the system.
	* If all of the node's dependencies have finished, the node's computation scheduled to run.
	* The node's dependencies will be added (transitively) if they are not already registered.
	* */
	def addNew[T](node: A[T])(implicit strategy: Strategy)
	{
		pre { newPre(node) }

		val v = register( node )
		val deps = dependencies(v) ++ runBefore(node)
		val active = IDSet[A[_]](deps filter notDone )

		if( active.isEmpty)
			ready( node )
		else
		{
			forward(node) = active
			for(a <- active)
			{
				addChecked(a)
				addReverse(a, node)
			}
		}

		post {
			addedInv( node )
			assert( running(node) ^ pending(node) )
			if( running(node) ) runningInv( node )
			if( pending(node) ) pendingInv( node )
		}
	}
	/** Called when a pending 'node' becomes runnable.  All of its dependencies must be done.  This schedules the node's computation with 'strategy'.*/
	def ready[T]( node: A[T] )(implicit strategy: Strategy)
	{
		pre {
			assert( pending(node) )
			readyInv( node )
			assert( reverse contains node )
		}

		state(node) = Running
		submit(node)

		post {
			readyInv( node )
			assert( reverse contains node )
			assert( running( node ) )
		}
	}
	/** Enters the given node into the system. */
	def register[T](node: A[T]): Node[A, T] = 
	{
		state(node) = Pending
		reverse(node) = Seq()
		viewCache.getOrUpdate(node, view(node))
	}
		/** Send the work for this node to the provided Strategy. */
	def submit[T]( node: A[T] )(implicit strategy: Strategy)
	{
		val v = viewCache(node)
		val rs = v.mixedIn transform getResult
		val ud = v.uniformIn.map(getResult.apply[v.Uniform])
		strategy.submit( node, () => work(node, v.work(rs, ud)) )
	}
	/** Evaluates the computation 'f' for 'node'.
	* This returns a Completed instance, which contains the post-processing to perform after the result is retrieved from the Strategy.*/
	def work[T](node: A[T], f: => Either[A[T], T])(implicit strategy: Strategy): Completed =
	{
		val result = wideConvert(f).left.map {
			case i: Incomplete => if(i.node.isEmpty) i.copy(node = Some(node)) else i
			case e => Incomplete(Some(node), Incomplete.Error, directCause = Some(e))
		}
		completed {
			result match {
				case Left(i) => retire(node, Inc(i))
				case Right(Right(v)) => retire(node, Value(v))
				case Right(Left(target)) => call(node, target)
			}
		}
	}

	def remove[K, V](map: Map[K, V], k: K): V = map.remove(k).getOrElse(error("Key '" + k + "' not in map :\n" + map))

	def addReverse(node: A[_], dependent: A[_]): Unit = reverse(node) ++= Seq(dependent)
	def addCaller[T](caller: A[T], target: A[T]): Unit = callers.getOrUpdate(target, IDSet.create[A[T]]) += caller

	def dependencies(node: A[_]): Iterable[A[_]] = dependencies(viewCache(node))
	def dependencies(v: Node[A, _]): Iterable[A[_]] = (v.uniformIn ++ v.mixedIn.toList).filter(dep => view.inline(dep).isEmpty)

	def runBefore(node: A[_]): Seq[A[_]] = getSeq(triggers.runBefore, node)
	def triggeredBy(node: A[_]): Seq[A[_]] = getSeq(triggers.injectFor, node)
	def getSeq(map: collection.Map[A[_], Seq[A[_]]], node: A[_]): Seq[A[_]] = map.getOrElse(node, Nil)

		// Contracts

	def addedInv(node: A[_]): Unit = topologicalSort(node) foreach addedCheck
	def addedCheck(node: A[_])
	{
		assert( added(node), "Not added: " + node )
		assert( viewCache contains node, "Not in view cache: " + node )
		dependencyCheck( node )
	}
	def dependencyCheck( node: A[_] )
	{
		dependencies( node ) foreach { dep =>
			def onOpt[T](o: Option[T])(f: T => Boolean) = o match { case None => false; case Some(x) => f(x) }
			def checkForward = onOpt( forward.get(node) ) { _ contains dep }
			def checkReverse = onOpt( reverse.get(dep) ){ _.exists(_ == node) }
			assert( done(dep) ^ ( checkForward && checkReverse ) )
		}
	}
	def pendingInv(node: A[_])
	{
		assert( atState(node, Pending) )
		assert( (dependencies( node ) ++ runBefore(node) ) exists notDone )
	}
	def runningInv( node: A[_] )
	{
		assert( dependencies( node ) forall done )
		assert( ! (forward contains node) )
	}
	def newPre(node: A[_])
	{
		isNew(node)
		assert(!(reverse contains node))
		assert(!(forward contains node))
		assert(!(callers contains node))
		assert(!(viewCache contains node))
		assert(!(results contains node))
	}

	def topologicalSort(node: A[_]): Seq[A[_]] =
	{
		val seen = IDSet.create[A[_]]
		def visit(n: A[_]): List[A[_]] =
			(seen process n)( List[A[_]]() ) {
				node :: (List[A[_]]() /: dependencies(n) ) { (ss, dep) => visit(dep) ::: ss}
			}

		visit(node).reverse
	}

	def readyInv(node: A[_])
	{
		assert( dependencies(node) forall done )
		assert( ! ( forward contains node ) )
	}

		// cyclic reference checking

	def snapshotCycleCheck(): Unit =
		for( (called: A[c], callers) <- callers.toSeq; caller <- callers)
			cycleCheck(caller.asInstanceOf[A[c]], called)

	def cycleCheck[T](node: A[T], target: A[T])
	{
		if(node eq target) cyclic(node, target, "Cannot call self")
		val all = IDSet.create[A[T]]
		def allCallers(n: A[T]): Unit = (all process n)(()) { callers.get(n).toList.flatten.foreach(allCallers) }
		allCallers(node)
		if(all contains target) cyclic(node, target, "Cyclic reference")
	}
	def cyclic[T](caller: A[T], target: A[T], msg: String) = throw new Incomplete(Some(caller), message = Some(msg), directCause = Some( new CyclicException(caller, target, msg) ) )
	final class CyclicException[T](val caller: A[T], val target: A[T], msg: String) extends Exception(msg)

		// state testing

	def pending(d: A[_]) = atState(d, Pending)
	def running(d: A[_]) = atState(d, Running)
	def calling(d: A[_]) = atState(d, Calling)
	def done(d: A[_]) = atState(d, Done)
	def notDone(d: A[_]) = !done(d)
	def atState(d: A[_], s: State) = state.get(d) == Some(s)
	def isNew(d: A[_]) = !added(d)
	def added(d: A[_]) = state contains d
	def complete = state.values.forall(_ == Done)

	import scala.annotation.elidable
	import elidable._
	@elidable(ASSERTION) def pre(f: => Unit) = f
	@elidable(ASSERTION) def post(f: => Unit) = f
}